ISBN Publisher. International Law Book Services (ILBS). Year of Publication. Yearly print / cover colour might change. This Act may be cited as the Bills of Exchange Act Interpretation. 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires– “acceptance” means an acceptance. 1) Bil Pertukaran Seksyen 3(1) Akta Bil Pertukaran Satu peritah bertulis tidak bersyarat,ditujukan kepada seseorang ditandatangani oleh orang yang.

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Case of need Excuses for delay or non-presentment for payment The provisions of this subsection do not apply to a partial acceptance, whereof due notice has been given.

Effect of “not negotiable” crossing on holder Effect where different parties to bill are the same person 5. Bills of Exchange 39 Acceptor the holder at maturity When a bill is duly presented for acceptance and is not accepted within the customary time, the person presenting it must treat akkta as dishonoured by non-acceptance.

Protest when notary not accessible Bill payable on demand Effect where different parties to bill are the same person 6.

Akta Bil Pertukaran (Disemak – )

Accommodation bill or party Such pertukaraj debt or liability is deemed valuable consideration whether the bill is payable on demand or at a future time. If he does not, the holder shall lose the right of recourse against the drawer and indorsers.

Holder in due course Definition pertuaran requisites of acceptance General Duties of the Holder When presentment for acceptance is necessary Laws of Malaysia ACT 2 An instrument expressed to be payable on a contingency is not a bill, and the happening of the event does not cure the defect. Notwithstanding section 24, where a signature on a cheque is forged or placed thereon without the authority of the person whose signature it purports to be, and that person whose signature it purports to be knowingly or negligently contributes to the forgery or the making of the unauthorized signature, the signature shall operate and shall be deemed to be the signature of the person it purports to be in favour of any person atka in good faith pays the cheque or perhukaran the cheque for value.


Duties of holder as regards drawee or acceptor Liabilities of Parties Bills of Exchange 11 2 An instrument which does not comply peertukaran these conditions, or which orders any act to be done in addition to the payment of money, is not a bill of exchange.

Bills of Exchange 47 2 Where a pertularan bears across its face an addition of the name of a banker, either with or without the words “not negotiable”, that addition constitutes a crossing, and the cheque is crossed specially and to that banker. But nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the bill or note of a corporation to be under seal.

Bills of Exchange Act (Revised )

Rights of the holder Reasonable time for this purpose is a question of fact: Where a bill purports to be indorsed conditionally, the condition may be disregarded by the payer, and payment to the indorsee is valid whether the condition has been fulfilled or not.

Provided that nothing in this section shall affect the ratification of an unauthorized signature not amounting to a forgery. Rules as to sets Conflict of Laws Presentment of cheque for payment Laws of Malaysia ACT 2 An acceptance is invalid unless it complies with the following conditions, namely– a it must be written on the bill and be signed by the drawee.

Laws of Malaysia ACT 5 Where any person is under obligation to indorse a bill in a representative capacity, he may indorse the bill in such terms as to negative personal liability. Provided that nothing in this section shall enable a corporation to make itself liable as drawer; acceptor, or indorser of a bill unless it is competent to it so to do under the law for the time being in force relating to corporations.


The mere signature of the drawee without additional words is sufficient; b it must not express that the drawee will perform his promise qkta any other means than the payment of money. Certainty required as to payee 7. The rights and powers of the holder of a bill are as follows: Bills of Exchange 55 3 The Yang di-Pertuan Agong may by notification in the Gazette prescribe the fees payable on issue of certificates under subsection land may in like manner prescribe the form pertuoaran such certificates.


Delay in pertukarann or protesting is excused when the delay is caused by circumstances beyond the control of the holder, and not imputable to his default, misconduct or negligence.

The provisions of this Act relating to crossed cheques shall, so far as applicable, have effect in relation to instruments other than cheques to which section 85 applies as they have effect in relation to cheques.

Alteration of bill Liability of drawer or indorser Presentment of cheque through document image processing system 74A. Laws of Malaysia ACT 2 As between immediate parties, and as regards a remote party other than a holder in due course, the delivery– a in order to be effectual must be made either by or under the authority of the party drawing, accepting or indorsing, as the case may be; b may be shown to have been conditional or for a special purpose only, and not for the purpose of transferring the property in the bill.

Akta Bil Pertukaran 1949 (Akta 204) & Akta Bil Jualan 1950 (Akta268)

Where a bill is dishonoured, the measure of damages, which shall be deemed to be a liquidated amount, shall be as follows: A bill, of itself, does not operate as an assignment of funds in the hands of the drawee available for the payment thereof, and the drawee of a bill who does not accept as required by this Act is not liable on the instrument.

Negotiation of overdue or dishonoured bill Bill of exchange defined 4. Duties of banker as to crossed cheques General and qualified acceptances Protection of bankers paying unindorsed or irregularly indorsed cheques, etc.