Aranya, 6 kilometres from Indore, will eventually house a total population of Ten houses, each with a courtyard at the back, form a cluster that opens onto a street. The site plan accommodates and integrates a variety of income groups. Aranya Low Cost Housing: Balkrishna Doshi: in Ahmedabad () and the Aranya Low Cost Housing in Indore (). The latter, arguably his best-known. The Aranya low-cost housing project in Indore. Doshi believes that a large part of Aranya’s success has been because instead of presenting.
Traditionally, architects have contributed little to housing for the Third World urban poor.
Architecture In Development – Aranya Housing Project
Those who opt to work for the poor need to rethink their roles; the numbers are overwhelming, the issues complex and the resources are very limited. One solution is to use land as a resource to produce housing for the urban poor, by allowing them access to it to build their homes. A study was conducted of such initiatives in a casy-study in India: The Aranya Housing Project, completed in and considered a model project. It had been estimated that approximately 51, families were homeless or living in illegal settlements.
The Indore Development Authority initiated an affordable housing project for 60, people that would tackle this issue and at the same time be affordable to the government and urban poor.
Previous efforts by the government to provide low-cost urban housing in India were aimed at supplying ready-built units. However, it took too long to construct a complete house and it became expensive for the low income group and also ate up too many resources.
Aranya Low Cost Housing
A rectilinear site of 86 hectares was designed to accommodate over dwellings, largely for the Weaker Economic Section.
This was an integrated approach for ‘a sustainable society’ where the mix of different economic levels of society could stay together. Aranya Township was designed as a site and services project spread laid out in six sectors that converge on a central spine i.
Open spaces and pedestrian pathways intersect and connect the clusters to the central spine. The Project site had black cotton soil prone to shrinking and swelling with moisture. Small diameter shallow piles with poured concrete was used, which made for very inexpensive foundation.
The Piles were cross connected at plinth level through concrete beams on which regular load bearing masonry walls rested. For Most Income Groups, only a house plot was sold. The lower-income Groups were given several options that included a site and plinth, a service core and one room, depending on how much they could afford. Owners were free to use any material for the construction and decoration of house.
Brick, stone and cement were locally available. Bright Colours arqnya the facades, railings, grills and cornices commonly seen in the old houses of Indore were used in some of the houses. Internal streets and squares in the Economically Weaker Section were stone paved, reducing their cost and maintenance.
Peripheral roads were asphalt paved for heavy traffic.
housingg The Climate of Indore was effectively taken into account and a conducive living environment was achieved in Aranya. Most of the plots were small in and size and the houses were clustered in low rise blocks. The longer side facade is oriented in the north- south axis to reduct the solar radiations on building especially during summers.
The two openings on north and south permit natural light and cross ventilation. Courtyards within houses, cul-de-sacs, public squares and small activity areas are sufficiently shaded by the adjacent buildings.
Low-cost housing needs dignity, says Indian architect Balkrishna Doshi
Landscaping and green areas include flowering and shade ginving trees wtih thick green ground cover. Indore, India Aranya Housing Project. Treasure Hill Hoousing Settlement. Restoration and refurbishment by Nati… Location: Pamoja Shell of Steel Housing.
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