ASTM D and ASTM E96 both address the determination of the water vapor transmission and permeance of coatings. ASTM E96/E96M. ASTM D Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Organic Coating Films. Buy ASTM D R TEST METHODS FOR WATER VAPOR TRANSMISSION OF ORGANIC COATING FILMS from SAI Global.

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Water in the gas phase is invisible. Then the permeance is calculated by dividing the WVT by e1653 vapor pressure across the material under test. See the slide below for more information about the correction.

The Significance of the Permeability of Paints | KTA UniversityKTA University

What is water vapor? How precise is the testing? Absorption of water may make a coating less e1653, thus allowing moisture to diffuse easily and cause a much higher moisture vapor transmission rate, WVTR than would occur in drier environments. ASTM E96 covers many materials, including coatings. The films may be free films or they may be applied to porous substrates. These values are for use in design, manufacture, and marketing.

ASTM D – 03 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Organic Coating Films

Water vapor can be produced by the evaporation of water or the sublimation of ice or snow. The answer to the question posed is based zstm the substrate and the service environment.


Inspection Instruments Pipeline Coatings — Volume 2: The films may be free films or they may be applied to porous substrates. For example, the units might be grams per hour or nanograms per 24 hours.

Otherwise blistering and peeling will likely occur. Verify that the units are the same Method: Satm Water Vapor Transmission WVTpermeance, and permeability are very closely related in that one is calculated from the other. If the cup contains desiccant, the dish gains water weight over the course asfm the test, so the plot points upward. The weight data is plotted versus time. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies To learn more, click Read More to view our Privacy and Cookies Policy. If the cup is filled with water, the dish loses water over the course of the test so the plot points downward.

It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate d16653 and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

The Significance of the Permeability of Paints

What should one consider when comparing the permeance of coatings? However, it appears that no side-by-side tests have been run awtm results from measurements with such instruments to these ASTM methods for precision and accuracy.

The WVT is determined by dividing the rate of weight change, which is the slope of the plot, by the area of the test specimen. We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. What does the magnitude of the permeance indicate? It can be used to test paper, plastic films, other sheet materials, fiberboards, gypsum and plaster products, wood products, and plastics. This correction astmm greatly change the results. If the container is filled with desiccant, the method is called the dry cup method or the desiccant method.


They run essentially the same kinds of tests as in the ASTM methods, but do so instrumentally. Essentially, the test determines how much vapor is lost through the film in the wet cup method or how much vapor the desiccant attracts or draws through the film for the dry cup method.

The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information xstm and are not considered standard. The Water Vapor Permeance is often simply call the permeance, and the water vapor permeability is often simply called the permeability. This includes personalizing content and advertising.

ASTM D covers the evaluations of films of coatings: The permeability is calculated by multiplying the permeance by the thickness of the material.