Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. It is marketed under the trade names Furadan, by FMC Corporation and Curater, among several others. Furadan, Bay , Curaterr, D , ENT , Yaltox, Furacarb (25). Carbofuran is highly toxic by inhalation and ingestion and moderately toxic by. Toxicological Characteristics Current available acute toxicological studies on carbofuran show the following: Acute oral toxicity: rat, LD50 mg/kg;.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Other names Furadan, Curater, Furacarb. Retrieved 5 June Carbofuran is known to be particularly toxic to birds. It is manufactured by the reaction of methyl isocyanate with 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylhydroxybenzofuran.

It is a systemic insecticide, which means that the plant absorbs it through the roots, and from here the plant distributes it throughout its organs where insecticidal concentrations are attained.

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors Carbamate insecticides Benzofurans Phenol esters Insecticides Female reproductive toxicants. Chemical Research in Toxicology.

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Carbofuran has one of the highest acute toxicities to humans of any insecticide widely used on field crops only aldicarb and parathion are more toxic. These alterations may consequently lead to serious reproductive problems following repeated exposure. Environmental Protection Agency in[14] it was blamed for millions of bird deaths per year. However in developing countries, occupational exposure to the Carbofuran and resultant carbofuran-serum protein labeling has been reported that impacts human health and well-being.


carbofuran (Furadan) Chemical Fact Sheet 6/84

Birds often eat numerous grains of the pesticide, mistaking them for seeds, and then die shortly thereafter. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

LD 50 median dose. It is classified as an extremely hazardous substance in the United States as defined in Section of furaadan U. Secondary poisoning of eagles following intentional poisoning of coyotes with anticholinesterase pesticides in Western Canada.

Bacillus thuringiensis Baculovirus Beauveria bassiana Beauveria brongniartii Metarhizium acridum Metarhizium anisopliae Nomuraea rileyi Lecanicillium lecanii Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Paenibacillus popilliae Purpureocillium lilacinum.

Before the granular form was banned by U. Chlorantraniliprole Cyantraniliprole Flubendiamide Ryanodine Ryanodol. The technical or chemical name of carbofuran is 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuranyl methylcarbamate and its CAS number is Kenya is considering banning carbofuran, [11] but it is legal to buy over-the-counter in Kenya.

Carbofuran – Wikipedia

Archived from the original on May 28, In a number of publicized incidents worldwide, carbofuran has also been used to poison domestic pets. This page was ruradan edited on 6 Novemberat Asoxime chloride Methoxime Obidoxime Pralidoxime Trimedoxime bromide.


It is used to control insects in a wide variety of field crops, including potatoescorn and soybeans. Retrieved 11 August Toxlcity October 29, Secondary fatal poisoning of domestic and wild animals has been documented, [15] [16] specifically, raptors bald eagles and golden eaglesdomestic dogs, raccoonsvultures and other scavengers.

Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40 2: In Kenyafarmers are using carbofuran to kill fruadan and other predators.


Archived toxicigy the original on Carbofuran exhibits toxicity mediated by the same mechanism as that of the notorious V-series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health. The company took action to stop the sale of this product and instituted a buy-back program in East Africa when it was determined that the illegal and intentional misuse of chemicals against wildlife could not be controlled by education or stewardship programs alone.

Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few insecticides effective on soybean aphidswhich have expanded their range since to include most soybean-growing regions of the U.