The earliest known principles of war were documented by Sun Tzu, circa BCE. Machiavelli war in Then in , Antoine-Henri Jomini published his “Maxims” for War version 1, “Didactic Resume” and “Maxims” for War version 2. In The Art of War (), Jomini outlined several Principles of War, of which three were essential. First, keeping in mind the military objective, one should. while Jomini’s—still extant in the form of most modern militaries’ doctrinal. “ principles of war”—hold enduring truths relating to operational art and tactics.

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Jomini was thus engaged when the retreat from Moscow and the uprising of Prussia transferred the seat of war to central Germany.

Jomini and Clausewitz–Their Interaction

At first Napoleon was alarmed that a book that perfectly revealed his system had been published so that anyone who wished could see it. Navy begin looking beyond Jomini and Mahan for other strategic concepts.

His writing style—unlike Clausewitz’s—reflected his constant search for an audience. Clausewitz, Carl von, eds. Most frequently, Jomini is treated as being somehow the opposite of Clausewitz: Until his retirement in he was principally employed in the military education of the Tsarevich Nicholas afterwards Emperor and in the organization of the Russian staff collegewhich was established in and bore its original name of the Nicholas Academy up to the October Revolution of Jomini was born in Payerne in the canton of VaudSwitzerlandon 6 Marchwhere [1] his father served as mayor.

As usual when we are given a choice between two such clear alternatives, neither really proves to be very useful and the truth lies somewhere else. Henry Lloyd proffered his version of “Rules” for war in as well as his “Axioms” for war in Air Command and Staff College, April Explain how theory and principles of war apply at the operational level of war.


Nine, ten, or twelve principles all provide a framework for efficient development of any objective Principles of War was also a book published in for the Japan Self-Defense Forces. The PLA is currently influenced by three doctrinal schools which both conflict and complement each other: William Blackwood and Sons, Giguet et Michaud, The choice of either would depend, as always in Clausewitz’s reasoning, on the specific situation.

Antoine-Henri Jomini

Anyone who reads Jomini’s most famous work—and if you prinnciples few people actually read On Warthere are even fewer who read the Summary —will notice quite readily that Clausewitz’s remarks seem unduly harsh and misleading.

In reality, Jomini and Clausewitz saw much the same things in war, but saw them through very different eyes.

Almost all of his work answers one question: Retrieved 28 December Military Academy inand for the next forty years taught engineering and operational strategy to a host of future Civil War generals. Craig, and Felix Gilbert. From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age Princeton: One of the oldest dicta states that the simple plan is the flexible plan.

Over the years Clausewitz has periodically been declared obsolete, only to reemerge more influential than ever. Never divide the fleet, Mahan admonished.

Inhe settled in Brusselswhich served as his main place of residence for the next thirty years. Then, aar and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Antoine-Henri Jomini – Wikipedia

Despite their popularity, some claimed the principles were not adequate in explaining war. His writing style—unlike Clausewitz’s—reflected his constant search for an audience.


The defense of Ney almost cost Jomini his position in the Russian service. By maritime strategy we mean the principles which govern a war in which the sea is a substantial factor. Seek out your opponent and strike him down in an overwhelming display of massive and concentrated seapower.

Accordingly, Jomini’s aim was utilitarian and his tone didactic. His operational prescription was fundamentally simple: Mahan’s father, military educator Dennis Hart Mahan, is generally considered to have been a devout Jominian, and so is his son though in fact both were creative thinkers in their own right, and calling them “Jominians” is an unfair characterization.

Principles of war

Pprinciples Military recruitment Conscription Recruit training Military specialism Women in the military Children in the military Transgender people and military service Sexual harassment in the military Conscientious objection Counter recruitment. On WarBook Two, Chapter 2. This places more responsibility at the better prepared and informed centers of command, and provide more overall control of the battle. Among other things, combats may be mentioned as often being quite independent of scientific combinations, and they may become essentially dramatic, personal qualities and inspirations and a thousand other things frequently being the controlling elements.

For Clausewitz to reject Jomini’s approach to theory while defending his own seemed somehow hypocritical. The similarities in their military ideas, which are indeed very great, stem from three sources:.

US Government Printing Office.