Kuliah Kitab Maqasid al-Shariah Kitab al-Muwafaqat. Public. · Hosted by Pusat Kajian Maqasid al-Shari’ah IDE. Interested. Kuliah Kitab Maqasid al-Shariah Kitab al-Muwafaqat. Public. · Hosted by Pusat Kajian Maqasid al-Shari’ah IDE. Interested. Invite. Kitab Al-I’tisam (holding fast by the Book and the Sunnah) is composed by the grand 2- Kitab Al-Muwafaqat in Usul Ash-Shari’ah, the greatest and the most.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Imam Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi: The Master Architect of Maqasid. Muhammad al-Lakhmi al-Shatibi was among the greatest kirab of al-Andalus — modern day Spain and Portugal, and one of the brightest Maliki scholars. According to most of the authentic reports on Imam al-Shatibi, his early life has not been recorded in detail.

This could be due to the fact that he was not born in a wealthy or a renowned family of scholars, for which such records could have been available. One may, however, deduce from his name that muwafaaqt ancestors came from the Lakhmi tribe of Arabia, and probably migrated to al-Andalus. Although many have mistakenly mentioned his birth and early life to be in Shatiba Xativa or Apauthentic reports about the great Imam confirm that he was neither born nor had ever lived there.

His immediate ancestors might have moved to Granada from Shatiba few decades before his birth.

One of these was written muwafaqwt his student Abu Abdullah al-Majari d. Raisuni claims that Abul-Ajfan seems to have delivered the most comprehensive biography of the Imam so far.

However, Khalid Masud on the other hand, seems to have written extensively on the Imam at least a decade prior to Abul Ajfan. He had never travelled out of Granada, neither for his education nor for Hajj. He studied with the renowned scholars of Granada, and gained mastery of the available branches of knowledge of his time.


For its development and prosperity, the city of Granada was a centre of attraction for scholars from all parts of North Africa. The city had thus developed into a significant seat of learning. He owes much to his master Ibn Lubb for his education in fiqh, although they both later entered into controversies over several issues.

He was tried and convicted there. He also initiated al-Shatibi to a sufi order.

Abu Abdullah al-Sharif al-Tilmisani d. However, al-Timbukti mentioned about three of his students. The latter became the chief Qadi of Granada later, and is known for his Tuhfat al-Hukkam Gift for the Rulers — a compendium of rules collected for the judges of Granada. His brother Abu Yahya was martyred on a battlefield.

muwafxqat The third student of the Imam was the faqih Abu Abdullah al-Bayani. His magnum opus Al-Muwafaqat was first published in Tunis in Not much was known about him until then. The celebrated works of the Imam were soon recognised as masterpieces of modern day Islamic legal theories. The following treatises of Imam al-Shatibi — mainly in the fields of Arabic grammar and fiqh — have been so far recorded in his biographies: However al-Timbukti mentioned that al-Shatibi destroyed these works during his lifetime for reasons not described by his biographers.

Al-Ifadat wal-Inshadat Testimonies and Recitations: Al-Shatibi and his works were introduced by Muhammad Rashid Rida d. Modern writers on usul al-fiqh owe a great debt to him for this masterpiece.

Al-Muwafaqat fi usul al-shari’ah

He was also among the few Maliki scholars who consolidated the principles of the Maliki School with those of the Hanafi School. As mentioned earlier that Al-Muwafaqat was first published in in Tunis.

Since then it gained much attention, so much so that it was edited several times by prominent scholars like Musa Jar-Allah, Khidr Husain and Abdullah Darraz. Al-Shatibi is also reported to have written a medical treatise, the manuscript of which is preserved at the University of Leiden.


Although it has not been mentioned by any major authorities on al-Shatibi, however the catalogue attributes it to the Imam and describes it as having been written down by his student Ibn al-Khatib. It consists of 60 fatawa on subjects including kittab, salat, ijtihad, zakah, vows, slaughter, penalties, inheritance, innovation etc.

His discussion was divided into two main parts on the maqasid: Al-Shatibi elaborates the former from four angles: The primary intention of the Lawgiver in instituting the law as muuwafaqat, b. This represents a departure from the Maliki School of his fiqh, wherein partial rulings are given precedence over the universal rulings in general. muwafawat

Pengajian Kitab al-Muwafaqat

He also considered the knowledge of maqasid as a fundamental condition for ijtihad juridical reasoning on all levels. This was also a challenging divergence from the popular argumentation method against the validity muwafaqta certainty of the inductive method. His theories of maslahah and maqasid al- Shariah are repeatedly observed and extensively researched in the formulation of contemporary laws and in the quest of ideas for the wider agenda of civilizational renewal.

This is mainly because these theories were not produced in a vacuum, rather they were proclaimed to answer the challenges, muwafaqag and social changes of his time — the era of a very prosperous and flourishing al-Andalus.

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