13 jun. ALEXANDRE DAL FORNO MASTELLA .. REGEANE VAZ GUEDES .. na área de gerontologia, tanto os artigos como os capítulos de livro, conforme .. para 2, 90 Área/matéria: Bovinocultura do Leite Candidato: Juliano Costa .. 2,68 Giovanna Miranda Mendes 4,23 Greice Morais Dalla Corte 0. Maria Osmarina Marina da Silva Vaz de Lima. INSTITUTO Engenheiro de Meio Ambiente: Alexandre Franco Castilho é citado para o rio Trombetas ( Hoogmoed, M. S. & Ávila-Pires,) na confluência com o A pecuária possui maior representatividade na bovinocultura de corte, com um efetivo bovino. Divulgando e difundindo os resultados de pesquisas nas áreas de economia, administração, extensão e sociologia rural.

Author: Malazuru Kalrajas
Country: Trinidad & Tobago
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Photos
Published (Last): 13 September 2009
Pages: 421
PDF File Size: 5.21 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.49 Mb
ISBN: 202-7-70461-356-7
Downloads: 71054
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Meztigis

This article is a fast review on the heterogeneity of Brazilian agriculture debate. It was demonstrated that this is a historically verified condition in our rural areas and can be found in other agricultural sectors, more technical or more labor intensive.

Beyond the heterogeneity, public policy must turn its attention to reducing inequalities that have their causes related to differential access to factors of production and the low capacity of the producers to obtain net gains from their holdings.

It is recommended the adoption of simple actions related to technical assistance, extension, credit to produce and trade. This study analyzes the dynamic impacts of the production factors capital, labor and lands as well as total factor productivity TFP in agriculture economic growth for the period from to The results suggest that as the TFP increases labor decreases, and that the modernization of agriculture has brought technological innovations that uses less labor in the production process.

The evaluation of the impact of this program was performed from the identification of the pattern of food consumption of families potentially benefited from it using POF datain order to check its potential purchase, considering the inflationary process cited. The data presented indicate effective action to combat hunger policy from Lula government, but it is insufficient to solve the problem of food deprivation in a structural and permanent sense: The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of social programs and cash transfer on the labor supply of non-farm family members, in poverty conditions, in rural areas of the Northeastern region, in Brazil.

The hypothesis indicates that access to social programs and cash transfers may contribute to discourage the rural workers, in poverty, in their decision to participate and offer hours of work in non-agricultural activities. The methodology consisted on the use of models of Heckman and double hurdle, of Craggwhich seek to associate the decision to participate in the labor market with the decision to allocate working hours. Furthermore, the estimates for the parent and children showed that the programs have impacted negatively on the participation in non-agricultural activities.

This paper aimed to analyze the relationship between agricultural prices and government policies related to deforestation within the states of Brazilian Legal Amazon, from to We utilized data at state level in a panel data model and a method to measure the net effect of policies over deforestation.

Results point out that deforestation in the Brazilian Legal Amazon is more correlated with agricultural prices than government spending on farm credit, agriculture and transportation. Despite this correlation, new command and control policies focused on areas where deforestation were more likely to happen were successful, mainly in Mato Grosso State.

Finally, we conclude that deforestation is associated with both groups of variables, agriculture prices and policies.

The recent policies of governmental purchases that emerged in the yearssuch as the National Program of Food in Schools PNAE and the Food Acquisition Program PAAhave brought significant opportunities for family agriculture cooperatives in Brazil to access markets. In spite of the possibilities that the PNAE and the PAA offer to family agriculture and its organizations, these programs also present a series of challenges, which involve different agents in the food acquisition process.

This article intends to delineate the profile of family agriculture cooperatives in Minas Gerais and analyze their main difficulties to access the institutional market. We analyzed 19 diagnostics carried out in in family agriculture cooperatives from different regions of Minas Gerais State. In spite of the access to the local markets in both regional and municipal scopes, it was identified that there are issues related to technical assistance, sanitary adaptation, management and logistics that hinder the access of these cooperatives to such policies in the big centers of Minas Gerais.

The generation of thermoelectric coal to power has aroused different opinions and significances. The objective of this paper is to investigate the social representations that groups and social actors in rural areas share about the matter of exploitation of coal in the municipality of Candiota RSSouthern Brazil. Some representations that compose the relationship between rural and coal in the county were identified. From a theoretical and methodological point of view, were based on the Theory of Social Representations of Serge Moscovici, and the structural approach of social representations of Jean-Claude Abric.

We interviewed 46 people between January and March In the case studied, the level of dependence on coal exploration is unstable and dynamic. Como metodologia incorpora-se a Post-normal science, com enfoque qualitativo. With the emergence of the concept of Sustainable Forest Management SFMforest agro-industries have been pressured to make decisions based on principles of sustainability, driving all the supply chain players toward forest certification.

  ASTM E2281-03 PDF

In Brazil, a process that mirrors this moment is happening in the Agroindustrial System of Acacia Negra. This is, however, in a complex context, implying ambiguous and risky decisions in the context of forest ecosystems.

Thus, we propose the following question: The goal is to analyze the development and implementation of strategic actions that promote or discourage sustainable self-organization of the system i. The theoretical foundation starts with a systemic oriented perspective to the study of organizations and sustainable strategies. It integrates discussions more specifically related to the decision-making, strategies and risks within the rural property.

Post-Normal science was the methodology used, following a qualitative approach. As a result, we identified that strategic actions adopted by forest producers are dialogically related to the risks and can have complementary, competitive and even antagonistic influences.

Sustainable Forest Management, sustainable strategies, forest management units, agroindustrial system, risks, Post-Normal Science. This research analyzed the technological dynamics of the sugarcane agroindustry in the Midwest region in Brazil, through technological capabilities matrix. Primary data were collected from plants and distilleries by means of questionnaires the results were: As a corollary, it was observed that the sugarcane agroindustries from the three states dominate a great part of technological capabilities in basic and intermediate gradation.

However, regarding advanced gradation, the lowest percentages of occurrences were observed in the three states mentioned before. Defined as a social production form, the peasantry represents a way of life and a culture. It is necessary to understand agrarian, productive and familiar strategies that favored, in Brazil, the occupation of precarious and temporary spaces or the effective creation of rural communities with greater durability.

The modernization of agriculture in the twentieth century led to the expulsion of residents and squatters. With democratization, rural social movements re-inscribe the debate about the relevance of the land issue and the pertinence of land struggles.

The inclusive production that corresponds to this type of farmer should consider its historical resistance like peasants. The article aims to present particular views on family farm in economic and social thought, suggesting that this subject has been attracting growing interest in the research communities of these areas in Brazil, at different times. The trajectory seeks to highlight the way in which many authors emphasized, in their analysis, the nature, characteristics and fundaments of family farming.

The research methodology is bibliographic and guided by economics and sociology comparative analysis, aiming a contextualized historical reconstruction, concerning theoretical and empirical approaches on family farming.

In addition, the research method also permits to conjecture about family farm specificities, to constitute, organize and survive throughout history.

RESR – Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural

The text aims to bring some contribution to the current debate on the role and the importance of family farming in the Brazilian countryside, particularly on its resilience in a scenario of productive concentration and rural depopulation. It also suggests that the quality of this discussion depends on: The present paper aims at a reflection on the process of building the family farm category in contemporary Brazil. The reflection synthesized here is based on revisiting the main academic aleaxndre which have contributed to define the field of reflection of family farming in Brazil, documentary analysis and interviews with leaders and advisors of unionism family farming.

It is argued that there were three sets of actors who promoted the construction of the category family farming in Brazil: This article aims to show the diversity of Brazilian agriculture, which is composed by a highly productive and efficient segment made of corporations, a segment also efficient and profitable, entrepreneurial family, and a segment of poor family farmers or peasants who produce for consumption, lives in the establishment, generates jobs for the children, and that does not migrate because its opportunity cost to migrate is low.

The absence of economies of scale in agriculture, the low profitability of activity according to the low turnover of fixed capital, the competitive environment of the alexajdre market and the risks affecting the activity climate, pests and ratesdo not cause interest in dominating it by a single sector producers, and this makes room for peaceful coexistence between heterogeneous rural sectors, each with its own logic and its own interests and demands.

This article presents a critical analysis of seven theses about the Brazilian rural area. In the beginning we explain these entire theses, and after then we obvinocultura a very critical analysis that point out some inconsistent and contradictions that we saw in these theses.

Finally, we present some general considerations highlighting the importance of this debate, but with the comprehension that this debate should be done according to the rural complexity situation, and without any exclusion of social segments that live in the rural area. The analysis points to the emergence, in different periods and contexts, of three generations or public policy benchmarks for family farming, the first being guided by strengthening the agricultural and agrarian bias of these social group; the second focusing on social and welfare policies, and the third, by building market devices for food and nutritional security and enviromental sustainability.


This analysis also highlights that the relations between state and civil society have changed and become more complex over time. From criticism and claiming positions, civil society actors came to be proactive and, more recently, also a partner in the implementation and management public policies. It is noteworthy that the three generations of public policies and various forms of relationship between civil society and state follow and coexist in public arenas till today.

Os resultados das estimativas para o rural brasileiro indicam que: The objective of this work is to analyze the effects of National Program for Strengthening of Family Agriculture Pronaf in rural economic growth and income inequality in Brazil in the period.

For this, it is estimated through dynamic panel model: The literature review indicated that an increase in per capita income and a decrease in the Gini coefficient lead to a reduction of rural poverty, and a positive change in Pronaf credits leads to an increase in per capita household income and a decrease in the income concentration.

The estimates for rural Brazilian indicate that: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the dimension and the conditions of economic reproduction of the poor bovinoculturs potentially classifiable cortee Group B of the National Program for Strengthening Family Farm Pronafin Rio Grande do Norte State. These and other evidences allow advanced understanding of poverty and social heterogeneity that characterizes agriculture in the Brazilian semiarid region by providing relevant information for further research in the area and to re orient the focus of the public policies for rural development.

This paper assesses the relationship between the family labor organization in the extractive activity and the involvement in public policy programs in Sergipe State.

Edições publicadas – RESR

The research approach included observations and interviews with different social actors involved in the extractive activity and public policy programs.

The main findings show that public policies programs: With the understating of the Brazilian family farming as a social and productive category from the 90s, many public policy programs have been formulated to ensure its propagation as a basic food producer, and to keep the man on the field.

Since this region is characterized by the strong presence of bovinoculturra farmers, we analyzed the following programs: It was noticed that, considering the universe of the family farming in the studied municipalities, their participation in these public programs is still small. Among the factors that may explain this situation, we highlight the lack of information to farmers about the programs, but especially the low value paid to them.

Amazon is integrated into the national economy so that capital takes advantage of trade asymmetries not loyal and unequal. Bovinofultura exploitation of resources is being more intense, degrading the environment and worsening social problems.

The imposition of the capital established relations, although it transformed the family agricultural production, and have not eliminated it, and this presents different forms of production and different social relations.

The study was carried out in three municipalities: One hundred and fifty families were researched during the agricultural cycle. Qualitative parameters alexnadre in loco and quantitative statistical analysis were used as methodological procedures, which can elucidate a mosaic trajectories, perspectives and trends that comprises the diversity of family agricultural production that results of the different materials bases in which families have to establish their medium and long-term projects.

Climate Change and Adaptive Strategies in Brazil: Analiticamente, estimou-se um modelo de Efeito de Tratamento. Plant breeding through the development of seeds resistant to water stress or high temperature is an important adaptive strategy to cope climate change.

In this way, by providing an analysis of adaptation to climate change using genetic breeding on Brazilian farms, this work aims to investigate how climate change will affect the adoption of genetic breeding and profitability of farmers. Temperature and rainfall projections for time periods were used, considering different climate scenarios A1B and A2according to the 4th Assessment Report of IPCC A Treatment Effects model outlines the analytical framework in this study.

Farmers adopting this adaptation strategy will have higher profits. Land value tends to be higher in both climate scenarios in counties with cultivated areas using transgenic seeds.

Farmers adopting this adaptation measure will be less exposed to adverse effects of climate change. We conclude that it is necessary to invest in adaptation strategies so that Brazil can overcome adverse effects of global climate change.

Boletim 23-2012

The article discusses the phenomenon of pluriactivity in Brazilian agriculture, referring to the diversification of economic and labour activities in rural areas, and pluri-incomes, referring to the diversification of income sources accessed by farmers and their families. The paper identifies and quantifies these households; characterize them according to the type of pluriactivity and the labour relations of employed persons; and identifies their distinct revenue sources, measuring the importance of each one in the formation of total revenue.

The empirical finding of a higher percentage of non-family farming households classified as pluriactive